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Excel functions (alphabetical)

Applies To: Excel 2016 , Excel 2013 , Excel 2010 , Excel 2007 , Excel 2016 for Mac

Click a letter to go to functions that start with it. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

Note: Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. These functions aren’t available in earlier versions.

Important: The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

 Function name Type and description ABS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number ACCRINT function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest ACCRINTM function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity ACOS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number ACOSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number ACOT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccotangent of a number ACOTH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number AGGREGATE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns an aggregate in a list or database ADDRESS function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet AMORDEGRC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient AMORLINC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period AND function Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE ARABIC function Math and trigonometry:    Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number AREAS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference ASC function Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters ASIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number ASINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number ATAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number ATAN2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates ATANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number AVEDEV function Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean AVERAGE function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments AVERAGEA function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values AVERAGEIF function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria AVERAGEIFS function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. BAHTTEXT function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format BASE function Math and trigonometry:    Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) BESSELI function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) BESSELJ function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) BESSELK function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) BESSELY function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) BETADIST function Compatibility:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. BETA.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function BETAINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. BETA.INV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution BIN2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to decimal BIN2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to hexadecimal BIN2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to octal BINOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. BINOM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability BINOM.DIST.RANGE function Statistical:    Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution BINOM.INV function Statistical:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value BITAND function Engineering:    Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers BITLSHIFT function Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits BITOR function Engineering:    Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers BITRSHIFT function Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits BITXOR function Engineering:    Returns a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers CALL function Add-in and Automation:    Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource CEILING function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance CEILING.MATH function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance CEILING.PRECISE function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. CELL function Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online. CHAR function Text:    Returns the character specified by the code number CHIDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. CHIINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. CHITEST function Compatibility:    Returns the test for independence Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. CHISQ.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function CHISQ.DIST.RT function Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution CHISQ.INV function Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function CHISQ.INV.RT function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution CHISQ.TEST function Statistical:    Returns the test for independence CHOOSE function Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values CLEAN function Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text CODE function Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string COLUMN function Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference COLUMNS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference COMBIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects COMBINA function Math and trigonometry: Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items COMPLEX function Engineering:    Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number CONCAT function Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn’t provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. CONCATENATE function Text:    Joins several text items into one text item CONFIDENCE function Compatibility:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. CONFIDENCE.NORM function Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean CONFIDENCE.T function Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution CONVERT function Engineering:    Converts a number from one measurement system to another CORREL function Statistical:    Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets COS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosine of a number COSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number COT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number COTH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cotangent of an angle COUNT function Statistical:    Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments COUNTA function Statistical:    Counts how many values are in the list of arguments COUNTBLANK function Statistical:    Counts the number of blank cells within a range COUNTIF function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria COUNTIFS function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria COUPDAYBS function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date COUPDAYS function Financial:    Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date COUPDAYSNC function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date COUPNCD function Financial:    Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date COUPNUM function Financial:    Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date COUPPCD function Financial:    Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date COVAR function Compatibility:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. COVARIANCE.P function Statistical:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations COVARIANCE.S function Statistical:    Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets CRITBINOM function Compatibility:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. CSC function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosecant of an angle CSCH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle CUBEKPIMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance. CUBEMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY function Cube:    Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. CUBERANKEDMEMBER function Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. CUBESET function Cube:    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. CUBESETCOUNT function Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set. CUBEVALUE function Cube:    Returns an aggregated value from a cube. CUMIPMT function Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods CUMPRINC function Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods DATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date DATEDIF function Date and time:    Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. DATEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number DAVERAGE function Database:    Returns the average of selected database entries DAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the month DAYS function Date and time:    Returns the number of days between two dates DAYS360 function Date and time:    Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year DB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method DBCS function Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters DCOUNT function Database:    Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database DCOUNTA function Database:    Counts nonblank cells in a database DDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify DEC2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to binary DEC2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal DEC2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to octal DECIMAL function Math and trigonometry:    Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number DEGREES function Math and trigonometry:    Converts radians to degrees DELTA function Engineering:    Tests whether two values are equal DEVSQ function Statistical:    Returns the sum of squares of deviations DGET function Database:    Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria DISC function Financial:    Returns the discount rate for a security DMAX function Database:    Returns the maximum value from selected database entries DMIN function Database:    Returns the minimum value from selected database entries DOLLAR function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format DOLLARDE function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number DOLLARFR function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction DPRODUCT function Database:    Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database DSTDEV function Database:    Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries DSTDEVP function Database:    Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries DSUM function Database:    Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria DURATION function Financial:    Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments DVAR function Database:    Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries DVARP function Database:    Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries EDATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date EFFECT function Financial:    Returns the effective annual interest rate ENCODEURL function Web:    Returns a URL-encoded string Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online. EOMONTH function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months ERF function Engineering:    Returns the error function ERF.PRECISE function Engineering:    Returns the error function ERFC function Engineering:    Returns the complementary error function ERFC.PRECISE function Engineering:    Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity ERROR.TYPE function Information:    Returns a number corresponding to an error type EUROCONVERT function Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). EVEN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer EXACT function Text:    Checks to see if two text values are identical EXP function Math and trigonometry:    Returns e raised to the power of a given number EXPON.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the exponential distribution EXPONDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the exponential distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. FACT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the factorial of a number FACTDOUBLE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the double factorial of a number FALSE function Logical:    Returns the logical value FALSE F.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution FDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the F probability distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. F.DIST.RT function Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution FILTERXML function Web:    Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online. FIND, FINDB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) F.INV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution F.INV.RT function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution FINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution FISHER function Statistical:    Returns the Fisher transformation FISHERINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation FIXED function Text:    Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals FLOOR function Compatibility:    Rounds a number down, toward zero Note: In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. FLOOR.MATH function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance FLOOR.PRECISE function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. FORECAST function Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend Note: In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it’s still available for compatibility with earlier versions. FORECAST.ETS function Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT function Statistical:    Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY function Statistical:    Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORECAST.ETS.STAT function Statistical:    Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORECAST.LINEAR function Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing values Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORMULATEXT function Lookup and reference:    Returns the formula at the given reference as text FREQUENCY function Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array F.TEST function Statistical:    Returns the result of an F-test FTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the result of an F-test Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. FV function Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment FVSCHEDULE function Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates GAMMA function Statistical:    Returns the Gamma function value GAMMA.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution GAMMADIST function Compatibility:    Returns the gamma distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. GAMMA.INV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution GAMMAINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. GAMMALN function Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) GAMMALN.PRECISE function Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) GAUSS function Statistical:    Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution GCD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor GEOMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean GESTEP function Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value GETPIVOTDATA function Add-in and Automation:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report GROWTH function Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend HARMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean HEX2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary HEX2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal HEX2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal HLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell HOUR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour HYPERLINK function Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet HYPGEOM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution HYPGEOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. IF function Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform IFERROR function Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula IFNA function Logical:    Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression IFS function Logical:    Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. IMABS function Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number IMAGINARY function Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number IMARGUMENT function Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians IMCONJUGATE function Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number IMCOS function Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number IMCOSH function Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number IMCOT function Engineering:    Returns the cotangent of a complex number IMCSC function Engineering:   Returns the cosecant of a complex number IMCSCH function Engineering:   Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number IMDIV function Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers IMEXP function Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number IMLN function Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number IMLOG10 function Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number IMLOG2 function Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number IMPOWER function Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power IMPRODUCT function Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers IMREAL function Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number IMSEC function Engineering:    Returns the secant of a complex number IMSECH function Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number IMSIN function Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number IMSINH function Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number IMSQRT function Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number IMSUB function Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers IMSUM function Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers IMTAN function Engineering:    Returns the tangent of a complex number INDEX function Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array INDIRECT function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value INFO function Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online. INT function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer INTERCEPT function Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line INTRATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security IPMT function Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period IRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows ISBLANK function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is blank ISERR function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A ISERROR function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value ISEVEN function Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is even ISFORMULA function Information:    Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula ISLOGICAL function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value ISNA function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value ISNONTEXT function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is not text ISNUMBER function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a number ISODD function Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is odd ISREF function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference ISTEXT function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is text ISO.CEILING function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance ISOWEEKNUM function Date and time:   Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date ISPMT function Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment JIS function Text:   Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters KURT function Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set LARGE function Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set LCM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple LEFT, LEFTB functions Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value LEN, LENB functions Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string LINEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend LN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number LOG function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base LOG10 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number LOGEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend LOGINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution LOGNORM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution LOGNORMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution LOGNORM.INV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution LOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array LOWER function Text:    Converts text to lowercase MATCH function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array MAX function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments MAXA function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values MAXIFS function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. MDETERM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array MDURATION function Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 MEDIAN function Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers MID, MIDB functions Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify MIN function Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments MINIFS function Statistical:    Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria. Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. MINA function Statistical:    Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values MINUTE function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a minute MINVERSE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix inverse of an array MIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates MMULT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix product of two arrays MOD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the remainder from division MODE function Compatibility:    Returns the most common value in a data set Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. MODE.MULT function Statistical:    Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data MODE.SNGL function Statistical:    Returns the most common value in a data set MONTH function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a month MROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple MULTINOMIAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers MUNIT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension N function Information:    Returns a value converted to a number NA function Information:    Returns the error value #N/A NEGBINOM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the negative binomial distribution NEGBINOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the negative binomial distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. NETWORKDAYS function Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates NETWORKDAYS.INTL function Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days NOMINAL function Financial:    Returns the annual nominal interest rate NORM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution NORMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. NORMINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution NORM.INV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. NORM.S.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution NORMSDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. NORM.S.INV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution NORMSINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. NOT function Logical:    Reverses the logic of its argument NOW function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the current date and time NPER function Financial:    Returns the number of periods for an investment NPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate NUMBERVALUE function Text:    Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner OCT2BIN function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to binary OCT2DEC function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to decimal OCT2HEX function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to hexadecimal ODD function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer ODDFPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period ODDFYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period ODDLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period ODDLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period OFFSET function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference offset from a given reference OR function Logical:    Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE PDURATION function Financial:   Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value PEARSON function Statistical:    Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient PERCENTILE.EXC function Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive PERCENTILE.INC function Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range PERCENTILE function Compatibility:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. PERCENTRANK.EXC function Statistical:    Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set PERCENTRANK.INC function Statistical:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set PERCENTRANK function Compatibility:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. PERMUT function Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects PERMUTATIONA function Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects PHI function Statistical:    Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution PHONETIC function Text:    Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string PI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the value of pi PMT function Financial:    Returns the periodic payment for an annuity POISSON.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the Poisson distribution POISSON function Compatibility:    Returns the Poisson distribution Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. POWER function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the result of a number raised to a power PPMT function Financial:    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period PRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest PRICEDISC function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security PRICEMAT function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity PROB function Statistical:    Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits PRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Multiplies its arguments PROPER function Text:    Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value PV function Financial:    Returns the present value of an investment QUARTILE function Compatibility:    Returns the quartile of a data set Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. QUARTILE.EXC function Statistical:    Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive QUARTILE.INC function Statistical:    Returns the quartile of a data set QUOTIENT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the integer portion of a division RADIANS function Math and trigonometry:    Converts degrees to radians RAND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between 0 and 1 RANDBETWEEN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify RANK.AVG function Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers RANK.EQ function Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers RANK function Compatibility:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. RATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity RECEIVED function Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security REGISTER.ID function Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered REPLACE, REPLACEB functions Text:    Replaces characters within text REPT function Text:    Repeats text a given number of times RIGHT, RIGHTB functions Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value ROMAN function Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text ROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits ROUNDDOWN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero ROUNDUP function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero ROW function Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference ROWS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference RRI function Financial:    Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment RSQ function Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient RTD function Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation SEARCH, SEARCHB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) SEC function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the secant of an angle SECH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle SECOND function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second SERIESSUM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula SHEET function Information:    Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet SHEETS function Information:    Returns the number of sheets in a reference SIGN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number SIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle SINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number SKEW function Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution SKEW.P function Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean SLN function Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period SLOPE function Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line SMALL function Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set SQL.REQUEST function Add-in and Automation:    Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming SQRT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root SQRTPI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi) STANDARDIZE function Statistical:    Returns a normalized value STDEV function Compatibility:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample STDEV.P function Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population STDEV.S function Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample STDEVA function Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values STDEVP function Compatibility:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. STDEVPA function Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values STEYX function Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression SUBSTITUTE function Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string SUBTOTAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database SUM function Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments SUMIF function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria SUMIFS function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria SUMPRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components SUMSQ function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments SUMX2MY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays SUMX2PY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays SUMXMY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays SWITCH function Logical:    Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. SYD function Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period T function Text:    Converts its arguments to text TAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number TANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number TBILLEQ function Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill TBILLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill TBILLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill T.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution T.DIST.2T function Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution T.DIST.RT function Statistical:    Returns the Student’s t-distribution TDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the Student’s t-distribution TEXT function Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text TEXTJOIN function Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges. Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac. TIME function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular time TIMEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number T.INV function Statistical:    Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom T.INV.2T function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution TINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution TODAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of today’s date TRANSPOSE function Lookup and reference:    Returns the transpose of an array TREND function Statistical:    Returns values along a linear trend TRIM function Text:    Removes spaces from text TRIMMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the mean of the interior of a data set TRUE function Logical:    Returns the logical value TRUE TRUNC function Math and trigonometry:    Truncates a number to an integer T.TEST function Statistical:    Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test TTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. TYPE function Information:    Returns a number indicating the data type of a value UNICHAR function Text:    Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value UNICODE function Text:    Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text UPPER function Text:    Converts text to uppercase VALUE function Text:    Converts a text argument to a number VAR function Compatibility:    Estimates variance based on a sample Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. VAR.P function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population VAR.S function Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample VARA function Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values VARP function Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. VARPA function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values VDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method VLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell WEBSERVICE function Web:    Returns data from a web service. Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online. WEEKDAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the week WEEKNUM function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year WEIBULL function Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. WEIBULL.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the Weibull distribution WORKDAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays WORKDAY.INTL function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days XIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic XNPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic XOR function Logical:    Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments YEAR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a year YEARFRAC function Date and time:    Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date YIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest YIELDDISC function Financial:    Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill YIELDMAT function Financial:    Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity Z.TEST function Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test ZTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

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See Also

Overview of formulas in Excel

How to avoid broken formulas

Use error checking to detect errors in formulas

Excel functions (by category)

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