Excel functions (alphabetical)

Applies To: Excel 2016 , Excel 2013 , Excel 2010 , Excel 2007 , Excel 2016 for Mac , More…
Microsoft

Click a letter to go to functions that start with it. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

A   B   C   D   E    F   G   H   I   J    K   L    M

N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

Note: Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. These functions aren’t available in earlier versions.

Important: The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

Function name Type and description
ABS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number
ACCRINT function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
ACOS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOT function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccotangent of a number
ACOTH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number
AGGREGATE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns an aggregate in a list or database
ADDRESS function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AMORDEGRC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
AND function Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
ARABIC function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number
AREAS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference
ASC function Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
ASIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
AVEDEV function Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BAHTTEXT function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
BASE function Math and trigonometry:    Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)
BESSELI function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BETADIST function Compatibility:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BETA.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BETA.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BIN2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to octal
BINOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

BINOM.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.DIST.RANGE function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution
BINOM.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
BITAND function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers
BITLSHIFT function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits
BITOR function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers
BITRSHIFT function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits
BITXOR function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers
CALL function Add-in and Automation:    Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
CEILING function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.MATH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
CELL function Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online.

CHAR function Text:    Returns the character specified by the code number
CHIDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHIINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHITEST function Compatibility:    Returns the test for independence

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CHISQ.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.INV.RT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the test for independence
CHOOSE function Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values
CLEAN function Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE function Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
COLUMN function Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference
COMBIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMBINA function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:
Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items
COMPLEX function Engineering:    Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONCAT function
Excel 2016
Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn’t provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments.

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

CONCATENATE function Text:    Joins several text items into one text item
CONFIDENCE function Compatibility:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CONFIDENCE.NORM function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.T function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution
CONVERT function Engineering:    Converts a number from one measurement system to another
CORREL function Statistical:    Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosine of a number
COSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COT function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COTH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cotangent of an angle
COUNT function Statistical:    Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA function Statistical:    Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK function Statistical:    Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COUPDAYBS function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS function Financial:    Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD function Financial:    Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM function Financial:    Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD function Financial:    Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
COVAR function Compatibility:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

COVARIANCE.P function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
CRITBINOM function Compatibility:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

CSC function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosecant of an angle
CSCH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle
CUBEKPIMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance.
CUBEMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY function Cube:    Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER function Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET function Cube:    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT function Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE function Cube:    Returns an aggregated value from a cube.
CUMIPMT function Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC function Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEDIF function Date and time:    Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.
DATEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAVERAGE function Database:    Returns the average of selected database entries
DAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS function
Excel 2013
Date and time:    Returns the number of days between two dates
DAYS360 function Date and time:    Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
DB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DBCS function
Excel 2013
Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
DCOUNT function Database:    Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA function Database:    Counts nonblank cells in a database
DDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DEC2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to octal
DECIMAL function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number
DEGREES function Math and trigonometry:    Converts radians to degrees
DELTA function Engineering:    Tests whether two values are equal
DEVSQ function Statistical:    Returns the sum of squares of deviations
DGET function Database:    Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DISC function Financial:    Returns the discount rate for a security
DMAX function Database:    Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN function Database:    Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DOLLAR function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
DOLLARDE function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DPRODUCT function Database:    Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV function Database:    Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP function Database:    Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM function Database:    Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DURATION function Financial:    Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
DVAR function Database:    Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP function Database:    Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries
EDATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EFFECT function Financial:    Returns the effective annual interest rate
ENCODEURL function
Excel 2013
Web:    Returns a URL-encoded string

Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online.

EOMONTH function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
ERF function Engineering:    Returns the error function
ERF.PRECISE function
Excel 2010
Engineering:    Returns the error function
ERFC function Engineering:    Returns the complementary error function
ERFC.PRECISE function
Excel 2010
Engineering:    Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity
ERROR.TYPE function Information:    Returns a number corresponding to an error type
EUROCONVERT function Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).
EVEN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXACT function Text:    Checks to see if two text values are identical
EXP function Math and trigonometry:    Returns e raised to the power of a given number
EXPON.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the exponential distribution
EXPONDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the exponential distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

FACT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the double factorial of a number
FALSE function Logical:    Returns the logical value FALSE
F.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution
FDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the F probability distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

F.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution
FILTERXML function
Excel 2013
Web:    Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online.

FIND, FINDB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
F.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.INV.RT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER function Statistical:    Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FIXED function Text:    Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
FLOOR function Compatibility:    Rounds a number down, toward zero

Note: In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function.

FLOOR.MATH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
FLOOR.PRECISE function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
FORECAST function Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend

Note: In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it’s still available for compatibility with earlier versions.

FORECAST.ETS function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.ETS.STAT function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.LINEAR function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing values

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORMULATEXT function
Excel 2013
Lookup and reference:    Returns the formula at the given reference as text
FREQUENCY function Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
F.TEST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the result of an F-test
FTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the result of an F-test

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

FV function Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE function Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
GAMMA function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns the Gamma function value
GAMMA.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMADIST function Compatibility:    Returns the gamma distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

GAMMA.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMAINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

GAMMALN function Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAMMALN.PRECISE function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAUSS function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution
GCD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor
GEOMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean
GESTEP function Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
GETPIVOTDATA function
Excel 2010
Add-in and Automation:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
GROWTH function Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean
HEX2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
HLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HOUR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour
HYPERLINK function Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
HYPGEOM.DIST function Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution
HYPGEOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

IF function Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR function Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IFNA function
Excel 2013
Logical:    Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
IFS function
Excel 2016
Logical:    Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

IMABS function Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY function Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT function Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE function Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS function Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
IMCOT function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the cotangent of a complex number
IMCSC function
Excel 2013
Engineering:   Returns the cosecant of a complex number
IMCSCH function
Excel 2013
Engineering:   Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number
IMDIV function Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP function Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN function Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 function Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 function Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER function Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT function Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL function Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the secant of a complex number
IMSECH function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number
IMSIN function Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number
IMSQRT function Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB function Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM function Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers
IMTAN function
Excel 2013
Engineering:    Returns the tangent of a complex number
INDEX function Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value
INFO function Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment

Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online.

INT function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
INTERCEPT function Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
INTRATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT function Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISBLANK function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN function Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISFORMULA function
Excel 2013
Information:    Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula
ISLOGICAL function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD function Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT function Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is text
ISO.CEILING function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
ISOWEEKNUM function
Excel 2013
Date and time:   Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date
ISPMT function Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
JIS function Text:   Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters
KURT function Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE function Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LCM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple
LEFT, LEFTB functions Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB functions Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string
LINEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
LOGEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORM.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array
LOWER function Text:    Converts text to lowercase
MATCH function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array
MAX function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MAXIFS function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

MDETERM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MDURATION function Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100
MEDIAN function Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers
MID, MIDB functions Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
MIN function Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINIFS function
Excel 2016
Statistical:    Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

MINA function Statistical:    Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MINUTE function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a minute
MINVERSE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
MMULT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the remainder from division
MODE function Compatibility:    Returns the most common value in a data set

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

MODE.MULT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the most common value in a data set
MONTH function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a month
MROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
MUNIT function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension
N function Information:    Returns a value converted to a number
NA function Information:    Returns the error value #N/A
NEGBINOM.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the negative binomial distribution
NEGBINOMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the negative binomial distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NETWORKDAYS function Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL function
Excel 2010
Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
NOMINAL function Financial:    Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NORM.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORMINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV function
Excel 2010
Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORM.S.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NORM.S.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

NOT function Logical:    Reverses the logic of its argument
NOW function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the current date and time
NPER function Financial:    Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
NUMBERVALUE function
Excel 2013
Text:    Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner
OCT2BIN function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to hexadecimal
ODD function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
ODDFPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
OFFSET function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference offset from a given reference
OR function Logical:    Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
PDURATION function
Excel 2013
Financial:   Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value
PEARSON function Statistical:    Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE.EXC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTILE function Compatibility:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

PERCENTRANK.EXC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERCENTRANK function Compatibility:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

PERMUT function Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects
PHI function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution
PHONETIC function Text:    Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the value of pi
PMT function Financial:    Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
POISSON.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the Poisson distribution
POISSON function Compatibility:    Returns the Poisson distribution

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

POWER function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PPMT function Financial:    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PROB function Statistical:    Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
PRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Multiplies its arguments
PROPER function Text:    Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
PV function Financial:    Returns the present value of an investment
QUARTILE function Compatibility:    Returns the quartile of a data set

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

QUARTILE.EXC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the quartile of a data set
QUOTIENT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the integer portion of a division
RADIANS function Math and trigonometry:    Converts degrees to radians
RAND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
RANK.AVG function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK function Compatibility:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

RATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED function Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
REGISTER.ID function Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered
REPLACE, REPLACEB functions Text:    Replaces characters within text
REPT function Text:    Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB functions Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
ROMAN function Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero
ROW function Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference
RRI function
Excel 2013
Financial:    Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment
RSQ function Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
RTD function Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation
SEARCH, SEARCHB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SEC function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the secant of an angle
SECH function
Excel 2013
Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle
SECOND function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second
SERIESSUM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SHEET function
Excel 2013
Information:    Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet
SHEETS function
Excel 2013
Information:    Returns the number of sheets in a reference
SIGN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number
SIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SKEW function Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P function
Excel 2013
Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean
SLN function Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SLOPE function Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL function Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
SQL.REQUEST function Add-in and Automation:    Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming
SQRT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi)
STANDARDIZE function Statistical:    Returns a normalized value
STDEV function Compatibility:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEV.P function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA function Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP function Compatibility:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

STDEVPA function Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX function Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
SUBSTITUTE function Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
SUBTOTAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM function Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments
SUMIF function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
SWITCH function
Excel 2016
Logical:    Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned.

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

SYD function Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
T function Text:    Converts its arguments to text
TAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number
TANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TBILLEQ function Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
T.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.2T function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.RT function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the Student’s t-distribution
TDIST function Compatibility:    Returns the Student’s t-distribution
TEXT function Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text
TEXTJOIN function
Excel 2016
Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges.

Note: This function isn’t available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

TIME function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
T.INV function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom
T.INV.2T function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
TINV function Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
TODAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of today’s date
TRANSPOSE function Lookup and reference:    Returns the transpose of an array
TREND function Statistical:    Returns values along a linear trend
TRIM function Text:    Removes spaces from text
TRIMMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TRUE function Logical:    Returns the logical value TRUE
TRUNC function Math and trigonometry:    Truncates a number to an integer
T.TEST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test
TTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

TYPE function Information:    Returns a number indicating the data type of a value
UNICHAR function
Excel 2013
Text:    Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value
UNICODE function
Excel 2013
Text:    Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text
UPPER function Text:    Converts text to uppercase
VALUE function Text:    Converts a text argument to a number
VAR function Compatibility:    Estimates variance based on a sample

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

VAR.P function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA function Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP function Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

VARPA function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
VDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
VLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
WEBSERVICE function
Excel 2013
Web:    Returns data from a web service.

Note:  This function is not available in Excel Online.

WEEKDAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WEIBULL function Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

WEIBULL.DIST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the Weibull distribution
WORKDAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL function
Excel 2010
Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
XIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XOR function
Excel 2013
Logical:    Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments
YEAR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC function Date and time:    Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
YIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC function Financial:    Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT function Financial:    Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
Z.TEST function
Excel 2010
Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
ZTEST function Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Note: In Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function.

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See Also

Overview of formulas in Excel

How to avoid broken formulas

Use error checking to detect errors in formulas

Excel functions (by category)

Source: Excel functions (alphabetical) – Office Support

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